North American T-6 Texan / SNJ / Harvard
The North American Aviation T-6 Texan is an American single-engine advanced trainer aircraft used to train pilots of the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) (Designation T-6 Texan), United States Navy (Designation: SNJ), Royal Air Force (Designation: Harvard), Royal Canadian Air Force (Designation: Harvard) and other air forces of the British Commonwealth during World War II and into the 1970s. Designed by North American Aviation, the T-6 is known by a variety of designations depending on the model and operating air force. The United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) and USAAF designated it as the AT-6, the United States Navy the SNJ, and British Commonwealth air forces the Harvard, the name by which it is best known outside the US. Starting in 1948, the new United States Air Force (USAF) designated it the T-6, with the USN following in 1962. It remains a popular warbird used for airshow demonstrations and static displays. It has also been used many times to simulate various historical aircraft, including the Japanese Mitsubishi A6M Zero. A total of 15,495 T-6s of all variants were built.
The Texan’s ancestry goes back to the North American NA-16 prototype which was first flown on April 1, 1935. In 1935, NAA submitted this design for the U.S. Army Air Corps Basic Trainer Competition. NAA also targeted the export market.
Crew: 2 (student and instructor)
Length: 29 ft (8.8 m)
Wingspan: 42 ft (13 m)
Height: 11 ft 8 in (3.56 m)
Empty weight: 4,158 lb (1,886 kg)
Gross weight: 5,617 lb (2,548 kg)
Maximum speed: 208 mph (335 km/h, 181 kn) at 5000 ft (1,500 m)
Cruise speed: 145 mph (233 km/h, 126 kn)
Range: 730 mi (1,170 km, 630 nmi)
Service ceiling: 24,200 ft (7,400 m)